CARDOIL - Feasibility study of local sales of CNSL for fuel to boost competitiveness of cashew processors

November 2020
October 2023
Project cost
69 000 €
Role in the project
Value chain and combustion techniques expertise


Côte d’Ivoire


Agroprocessing Bioenergy Market




Centre for the Promotion of Imports - CBI · Fúnteni Facilities and Consulting

Main goals

In the implementation stage of the "CBI Cashew programme Côte d’Ivoire", meso (sector) level interventions with stakeholders in the cashew sector are focused on enhancing competitiveness of cashew processing with the aim of increasing the % of processing in Cote D’Ivoire (and Benin). Due to the decreasing CNSL price on the international market from 2016, cashew processing factories in Cote D’Ivoire are not exporting, nor extracting CNSL anymore. A study was done by ACA on by-products in 2019 and a recommendation was to focus on CNSL fuel as an alternative energy solution for local markets. This is a new product-market combination and both the product as well as the market are still to be developed. The Cardoil project intends to conduct applied research in order to assess and harness the potential of this alternative product-market combination for enhancing the competitiveness of cashew processors.

Specific objectives

SO1. Assess the potential of an alternative product-market combination consisting of local sales of CNSL fuel blend for enhancing the competitiveness of cashew processors
SO2. Assess the opportunity for pilot experiences in CNSL fuel, either in controlled conditions or in industrial setting
SO3. Identify the technical requirements for appropriate combustion technologies for CNSL
SO4. Support two cashew processors in strengthening their skills to understand the local CNSL market and analysis procedures
SO5. Develop the market strategy and the upscaling plan for these factories


  • 2 cashew processing factories who will benefit from technical assistance to better understand the CNSL fuel market and adapt their CNSL extraction and treatment process to this specific case
  • CBI’s Cashew programme Côte d’Ivoire


R1. Assessment of feasibility of local sales: mapping of potential / demand for CNSL fuel, client conditions and preferences on CNSL supply are determined
R2. Assessment of feasibility to find necessary adapted materials for the pilot
R3. Burner requirements are identified, tested and the blend CNSL-Crude oil is optimised
R4. Two cashew processors are trained on CNSL lab analysis
R5. Marketing strategy and upscaling plan are developed


A1. Assessment of feasibility of local sales: mapping of potential / demand for CNSL fuel
A2. Identification of key CNSL quality parameters and research of available CNSL treatment solutions
A3. Assessment of the needs of ivoirian industries on liquid fuel, and their readiness and interest to host pilot experiences
A4. Identification of appropriate combsution technologies for CNSL
A5. Pilot experiences on CNSL combustion in industrial burners
A6. Support to two cashew processors on local CNSL market knowledge and quality analysis
A7. Development of market strategy of CNSL fuel and upscaling plan

Related people

Project manager / Bioenergy & Waste / Côte d'Ivoire

Julia Artigas Sancho

Process engineer and holder of a European MsC in Renewable energies, she works on energy-related issues in African industry, since 2016. Process optimization and agri-waste-to-energy systems are her main expertise areas: appropriate technologies, training on operation and maintenance, biofuels…

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Energy and process task officer / Bioenergy & Waste / Côte d'Ivoire

Inès Adélaïde Nanema

Engineer in Electrical and Energy Engineering, renewable energy option at the International Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), she is passionate about bio-energies and subjects related to sustainable development, climate and to carbon credits. She therefore decided to join the energy team in order to contribute to the development of bio-energies in Africa and to provide her expertise in project impact studies and in the energy recovery of biomass

Accounting assistant / Côte d'Ivoire

Elvira Dje Lou

Based in Abidjan, she holds a BTS in Finance Accounting and Business Management from the private University IVESTP