CARBOVAL - Development of a method to calculate greenhouse gas emissions for a cocoa produced in Madagascar

January 2021
March 2021
Project cost
35 000 €
Role in the project
Carbon Compensation Expertise




Organic Agriculture Agroforestry Climate Degradation-Restoration Forest REDD+ Remote sensing




Main goals

The final aim of Valrhona is the full scope carbon neutrality by 2025. Valrhona controls its supply industry via long-term partnerships. For some origins, it seems that to calculate the carbon footprints of Valrhona, used greenhouse gas are far from the reality. Indeed, the culture system is organic and under shade, and it seems likely that emissions linked to production of this cocoa are distinctly lower opposed to the global average emissions of 12 kgCO²eq

Specific objectives

SO1. Develop a method to calculate greenhouse gas emission for a cocoa produced in Madagascar on the basis of two established areas from Valrhona's partners to check used hypothesis in the carbon footprints calculation of Valrhona and adjust it
SO2. Develop a quantification method, on a more solid basis, from the absortion of the CO² of the cocoa parcels of Madagascar to the build of a reasonable and verifiable carbon compensation system


R1. Soil inventory results about carbon storage in plantations
R2. Analysis of deforestation dynamics in the area and the impact in terms of greenhouse gas emission
R3. The tool ExACT Value Chain calibrated with datas of Valrhona allows also to establish a carbon track record the closest to Valrona's supply reality
R4. A strategy proposition of carbon compensation is contributing to the carbon neutral objective full scope 2025 of Valrhona

Cocoa and chameleon in the Millot plantation


A1. Carbon stocks evaluation in agroferestry parcels of Millo plantation on the West and in representatives parcels on the East
A2. Historic evaluation of deforestation on parcels to estimate carbon impact linked to deforestation and to change of soils occupation
A3. Maps analysis of existing deforestation (Global Forest Watch) to evaluate deforestation to the level of parcels
A4. From the results obtained by the cartography analysis, conduct a slight analysis of agricultural dynamics of the area through area studies that could explain deforestation
A5. Evaluation of the accompanying producers programm towards agroforestry put in place in the East
A6. Results integration of the change of use of the soil, agroforestry sequestration and of other emission sources (transport, transformation...) in a recognizable, easily replicable and transparent carbon track record tool
A7. Training to take the tool over for using it in other areas if necessary
A8. Mixt insetting/offsetting compensation strategy proposition including obtained results from the previous phase

Related people

Project Manager / Forest & REDD + / France

Marie Nourtier

PhD in Forest sciences conducted at INRA Avignon, EMMAH research lab, she brings her expertise in forest ecology, support for REDD+ mechanism and carbon accounting, Environmental and social impact assessment of projects, project management and supervision of technical work

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Project Manager / Forest & REDD+ / Madagascar

Ny Avy Andriamisaina

Forestry engineer, specialized on "Ecosystem and Biodiversity" and graduated from ESSA (Madagascar), she joined the team with her skills in biodiversity conservation, forest management and natural resources management. With her experience in assessing threats to protected areas, TNRM (Transfer of Natural Resources Management) and community support in conservation, she contributes to the implementation of different projects.

GIS and Remote Sensing Project Manager

Fety Abel Rakotomalala

Currently a PhD student, he holds a DEA of Physics, specialised in "geophysics, remote sensing and GIS" from the Faculty of Sciences of Antananarivo in Madagascar (IOGA). He brings his expertise to the impacts of deforestation, above-ground biomass mapping and scenario development of carbon emissions

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Cédric Rabany

Holder of a Master of Science, "Agricultural Engineer and territories development" from the Institut Supérieur d’Agriculture (ISARA Lyon), he brings his expertise in agro-food/agricultural sectors' analysis and development, strengthening of supplychain actors (producers, private/public actors, agro-food industries...), socio-economic analysis of agricultural chains and his great knowledge of companies in these markets

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Project Manager

Noémie Rullier

Holder of an Engineering diploma in Agronomy, specializing in Sustainable agricultural & Agri-Food systems for the South, from Montpellier SupAgro- Institut des Régions Chaudes (IRC), she brings her expertise to support technical changes and development processes in rural area; to support farm advisory, training engineering and plant biology research

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Project Officer

Anthony Guhur

With a degree in "Environment, Earth, Change, Climate", specialised in "Rural Area & Environment" from the University of Bourgogne (co-accredited with AgroSup Dijon), he brings expertise in bioenergy, forestry & agro-environmental projects and in project management

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